RABINDRA NATH TAGORE
Birth and parentage:
Rabindra Nath Tagore, the eminent poet of India, was born in the famous Thakur family of Bengal at Jorasanko, Kolkata, on the 6th May 1861. His father Maharashi Devendra Nath Tagore was noted for his religious and spiritual pursuits. Rabindra Nath Tagore was the youngest among his seven brothers and three sisters. In his early years he spent much of his time in the care of family servants. He was then sent to school at the usual age, but the mechanical routine works of the school could not attract his mind. He left school and read at home.
At the age of thirteen he accompanied his father to the Himalayas and stayed there for some times. The influence of his father here had a far reaching effect in his life to come. He began writing poems. A few years later he was sent to England to study Law. But Rabindra Nath Tagore could not stay there for long. He came back quiet abruptly.
In public life:
Returning from England Rabindra Nath Tagore began writing poems seriously. His poems and writings were highly appreciated by the great writers of the time. He married at the age of twenty three and studied the poverty and simple life of the people and felt for them. He expressed this through his writings. Rabindra Nath Tagore was a popular orator too. He made speeches on social and political subjects and offered constructive suggestions. During anti partition movement in 1905 he gave inspiration to Bengali people by his exciting speeches and songs.
A great poet:
During 1901 to 1907 the poet suffered hard bereavements. He lost his wife, daughter and the youngest son. His mind turned towards spiritual and religious thoughts. He completed his famous work ‘Geetanjali’ towards the end of this period. A few years later he was preceded to England on a visit. During this voyage he translated the poems of Geetanjali into English. He received Nobel Prize/Literature for his great work ‘Geetanjali’.
Rabindra Nath Tagore started a school at Shantiniketan near Bolpur. Here he wanted to revive the ancient system of Indian education in natural surroundings. He dedicated all the money he had received as Nobel Prize to his beloved institution at Santiniketan. Later in 1921 his Viswabharati, an ideal university, was started. The doors of Viswabharati were opened to the students and scholars of different parts of the world. Rabindra Nath Tagore’s reputation spread far and wide. Honors began to come to him from different quarters. The Government of India made him a knight in the University of Kolkata conferred on him the D. Litt. Rabindra Nath had a patriotic heart. His poems show how he loved India and His people. Our national anthem “Jana Gana Mana” is one of his master compositions. His songs are now famous as Rabindra Sangeet.
RabindraNath Tagore used to stand for liberty, love and peace. Towards the end of life he became physically weak. But he did not give up writing poems. The last great war was a shock to him. His spirit was broken and the great poet of the world breathed his last on August 7, 1941.